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Moses and the Monster and Miss Anne

The dynamic lives of three diverse women, fighting for and against slavery in antebellum Maryland

This engaging history presents the extraordinary lives of Patty Cannon, Anna Ella Carroll, and Harriet Tubman, three "dangerous" women who grew up in early-nineteenth-century Maryland and were vigorously enmeshed in the social and political maelstrom of antebellum America. The "monstrous" Patty Cannon was a reputed thief, murderer, and leader of a ruthless gang who kidnapped free blacks and sold them back into slavery, whereas Miss Anna Ella Carroll, a relatively genteel unmarried slaveholder, foisted herself into state and national politics by exerting influence on legislators and conspiring with Governor Thomas Holliday Hicks to keep Maryland in the Union when many state legislators clamored to join the Confederacy. And, of course, Harriet Tubman--slave rescuer, abolitionist, and later women's suffragist--was both hailed as "the Moses of her people" and hunted as an outlaw with a price on her head worth at least ten thousand dollars.

All three women lived for a time in close proximity on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, an isolated region that thrived on tobacco and then lost it, procured slaves and then lost them, and produced strong-minded women and then condemned them. Though they never actually met, and their backgrounds and beliefs differed drastically, these women's lives converged through their active experiences of the conflict over slavery in Maryland and beyond, the uncertainties of economic transformation, the struggles in the legal foundation of slavery and, most of all, the growing dispute in gender relations in America.

Throughout this book, Carole C. Marks gleans historical fact and sociological insight from the persistent myths and exaggerations that color the women's legacies, and she investigates the common roots and motivations of three remarkable figures who bucked the era's expectations for women. She also considers how each woman's public identity reflected changing ideas of domesticity and the public sphere, spirituality, and legal rights and limitations. Cannon, Carroll, and Tubman, each in her own way, passionately fought for the future of Maryland and the United States, and from these unique vantage points, Moses and the Monster and Miss Anne portrays the intersecting and conflicting forces of race, economics, and gender that threatened to rend a nation apart.


"A good read. Recommended."--Choice

"A fascinating book."--Multicultural Review

"The contributions ... to the studies of enslavement, gender politics, and the importance of place are substantial."--The Journal of Southern History

"A fascinating, intellectually stimulating, and enlightening sociohistorical analysis."--The Journal of African American History

"Moses and the Monster and Miss Anne is such an original and sophisticated examination across race and class boundaries of the lives of three antebellum women. It is illuminating, informative, provocative, and intellectually stimulating."--Darlene Clark Hine, coauthor of A Shining Thread of Hope: The History of Black Women in America

"This significant work represents an innovative, thoughtful, and creative consideration of intersections between gender, region, and slavery. I cannot overly stress this book's unique and important contributions to women's studies, African American studies, history, and cultural studies."--Walter Allen, coeditor of Higher Education in a Global Society: Achieving Diversity, Equity, and Excellence


Carole C. Marks is a professor of sociology at the University of Delaware and the coauthor of The Power of Pride: Stylemakers and Rulebreakers of the Harlem Renaissance.

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