Shadow of the Racketeer
Scandal in Organized Labor
Awards and Recognition:
Winner of Labor History's Prize for the best book on labor history, 2010.
A detailed account of labor corruption in the 1930s and the zealous journalist who railed against it
Shadow of the Racketeer: Scandal in Organized Labor tells the story of organized crime's move into labor racketeering in the 1930s, focusing on a union corruption scandal involving payments from the largest Hollywood movie studios to the Chicago mob to ensure a pliant labor supply for their industry. The book details the work of crusading journalist Westbrook Pegler, whose scorching investigative work dramatically exposed the mob connections of top labor leaders George Scalise and William Bioff and garnered Pegler a Pulitzer Prize for reporting.
From a behind-the-scenes perspective, David Witwer describes how Pegler and his publisher, the politically powerful Roy W. Howard, shaped the news coverage of this scandal in ways that obscured the corrupt ties between employers and the mob while emphasizing the perceived menace of union leaders empowered by New Deal legislation that had legitimized organized labor. Pegler, Howard, and the rest of the mainstream press pointedly ignored evidence of the active role that business leaders took in the corruption, which badly tarnished the newly reborn labor movement.
Because he was more concerned with pursuing political gains for the conservative movement, Pegler's investigative journalism did little to reform union governance or organized crime's influence on labor unions. The union corruption scandal only undercut the labor movement. Pegler's continuing campaign against labor corruption framed the issue in ways that set the stage for postwar political defeats, culminating with the 1947 Taft-Hartley Act, which greatly limited the power of labor unions in the United States.
Demonstrating clearly and convincingly how journalism is wielded as a political weapon, Witwer studies a broad range of forces at play in the labor union scandal and its impact, including the influence of the press, organized crime, political corruption, and businessmen following their own economic imperatives.
"An engaging and illuminating work on a crucial episode in the development of the image of organized labor in the U.S."--EH.Net
"Through creative use of FBI and court records, Witwer carefully peels open the intricate layers of several high profile labor scandals that Westbrook Pegler exposed in the World War II era, exploring how organized crime came to control two important unions. Well conceived and judiciously argued."--Elizabeth Fones-Wolf, author of Waves of Opposition: Labor and the Struggle for Democratic Radio
"David Witwer is a remarkably energetic and insightful historian, and his study of Westbrook Pegler and the role he played in the construction of a New Deal era discourse of corruption and racketeering within the house of labor is an extremely provocative and path-breaking book."--Nelson Lichtenstein, author of State of the Union: A Century of American Labor
To order online:
To order by phone:
(800) 621-2736 (USA/Canada)
(773) 702-7000 (International)
Challenging Liberalism in 1950s Milwaukee
Tula A. Connell
Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order
Federal Power and Populist Defiance in the Ozarks
J. Blake Perkins
The German Anarchist Movement in New York City, 1880-1914
How U.S. Employers Organized to Defeat Union Activism
Edited by Rosemary Feurer and Chad Pearson
The March on Washington Movement, 1941-1946
The Promise and Peril Facing Blue-Collar America
Robert Owen Carr with Dirk Johnson
Violence at Work in the North American Auto Industry, 1960-80
A Concise History
Edited by Susan C. Cass
Anarchism in New York City from Schwab's Saloon to Occupy Wall Street
Edited by Tom Goyens
Ernesto Galarza Edited by Armando Ibarra and Rodolfo D. Torres
The Origins of Postwar Conservatism
Filipino and Puerto Rican Laborers in Hawaii