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Eugene Kinckle Jones

The National Urban League and Black Social Work, 1910-1940

The biography of an important agent for black social change in the early twentieth century

A leading African American intellectual of the early twentieth century, Eugene Kinckle Jones (1885Ė1954) was instrumental in professionalizing black social work in America. In his role as executive secretary of the National Urban League, Jones worked closely with social reformers who advocated on behalf of African Americans and against racial discrimination in the United States. Coinciding with the Great Migration of African Americans to northern urban centers in the early twentieth century, Jones's activities on behalf of the Urban League included campaigning for equal hiring practices, advocating for the inclusion of black workers in labor unions, and promoting the importance of vocational training and social work for members of the black community.

Drawing on rich interviews with Jones's colleagues and associates, as well as recently opened family and Urban League papers, Felix L. Armfield freshly examines the growth of African American communities and the roles of social workers concerned with acculturative processes, social change, and racial uplift. In calling attention to the need for black social workers in the midst of the Great Migration, Jones and his Urban League colleagues sought to address problems stemming from race and class conflicts from within the community. Bringing together new biographical elements of a significant black leader, as well as an in-depth discussion of the roles of black institutions and organizations, this book studies the evolution of African American life immediately before the civil rights era.

"Armfield weaves a narrative that teases out two major strands: the first treats the life and times of Eugene Kinckle Jones, an African American progressive reformer and social worker (among many things); the second, the history of American social work and Jones's quest for the inclusion of African Americans in that profession."--Indiana Magazine of History

"A useful book that gives necessary attention to an undervalued figure. A worthwhile study of Jones and a valuable contribution to the history of the social work movement."--Social Service Review

"Armfield weaves a detailed account of Jones's life with new insights about the history of the National Urban League (NUL) and the professionalization of black social work from the 1890s through the 1950s. Armfield contributes to an expanding literature on the history of social work and African American social reform organizations."--The Journal of African American History

"This important book rescues Eugene Kinckle Jones from relative historical obscurity and anchors his rightful place as a major black leader during the first half of the twentieth century."--Robert L. Harris Jr., coeditor of The Columbia Guide to African American History Since 1939

"Effectively captured E. Kinckle Jonesís impact on the practice of professional social work. Jones and the work of the National Urban League helped to place African American social work squarely within the parameters of the emerging profession. Jones through the National Urban League modelled professional social work via direct practice and policy practice. The direct practice is clearly illustrated through the numerous social work programs designed to respond to unmet needs of African Americans moving to cities. Jonesí policy practice influence is evident through his local and regional membership on many settlement house boards as well as his national influence as a member of FDRís Black Cabinet. Armfieldís examination of Jonesí career provides a clear historical framework for social work intervention with African Americans moving to and living in cities. Itís an invaluable contribution to historical and contemporary social work involvement in policy, program development, and direct practice."--Iris B. Carlton-LaNey, author of African Americans Aging in the Rural South

Felix L. Armfield is a professor of history at Buffalo State College and the author of Black Life in West Central Illinois.

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