Spirituals and the Birth of a Black Entertainment Industry
Showbiz shaping sacred song’s soaring success
Spirituals performed by jubilee troupes became a sensation in post–Civil War America. First brought to the stage by choral ensembles like the Fisk Jubilee Singers, spirituals anchored a wide range of late nineteenth-century entertainments, including minstrelsy, variety, and plays by both black and white companies.
In the first book-length treatment of postbellum spirituals in theatrical entertainments, Sandra Jean Graham mines a trove of resources to chart the spiritual’s journey from the private lives of slaves to the concert stage. Graham navigates the conflicting agendas of those who, in adapting spirituals for their own ends, sold conceptions of racial identity to their patrons. In so doing they laid the foundation for a black entertainment industry whose artistic, financial, and cultural practices extended into the twentieth century.
"[A] one-of-a-kind title . . . Many volumes address spirituals themselves, but few detail the actual exponents of this important African American tradition in such a refreshingly disarming way."--Library Journal
"Sandra Graham breaks new ground in her nuanced examination of the white-controlled spiritual or jubilee industry, and of claims for musical and cultural authenticity by black college and independent jubilee groups, as well as white and black performers of blackface minstrelsy, American folk music, and European classical traditions."--Portia K. Maultsby, coeditor of Issues in African American Music: Power, Gender, Race, Representation and African American Music: An Introduction, second edition
"A detailed, cogent, and fascinating history of the popularization of Negro spirituals [that is] thoroughly documented and covers a truly vast range of information. One of the especially distinctive features of Graham's approach is its careful consideration of musical elements and how they figure in defining objects under study." --Thomas L. Riis, author of Frank Loesser
Publication of this book is supported by the AMS 75 PAYS Endowment of the American Musicological Society, funded in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation; by the Babson Faculty Research Fund; and by a grant from the H. Earle Johnson Fund of the Society for American Music.
To order online:
To order by phone:
(800) 621-2736 (USA/Canada)
(773) 702-7000 (International)
Edited by Neil Lerner
Big Band Jazz Arranging in the Swing Era
The Life and Songs of Harold Arlen
Composers, Consumers, Communities
Marie Sumner Lott
Neil V. Rosenberg
Literary Afro-Modernism and the Cultural Politics of Black Music
Singing, Shouting, and the Shadow of Minstrelsy
Chicago Blues at the Crossroads
Edited by Horace Maxile, Jr.
Edited by Gillian B. Anderson & Ronald H. Sadoff
Female-to-Male Cross-Dressing on the American Variety Stage
Gillian M. Rodger
The wrong place for the Right people
Barney Josephson with Terry Trilling-Josephson
The Federal Music Project in the West
From the Spiritual to the Harlem Renaissance
Jean E. Snyder
Music and Everyday Life in the Eighteenth Century
Edited by Eve Harwood