Cover for COLBURN: African-American Mayors: Race, Politics, and the American City. Click for larger image

African-American Mayors

Race, Politics, and the American City

How African-American mayors of major cities from Los Angeles to New York and Detroit to New Orleans met the post-election challenges of decaying inner cities, white flight, entrenched local power structures, and multiple demands from their diverse constituencies.

On November 7, 1967, the voters of Cleveland, Ohio, and Gary, Indiana, elected the nation's first African-American mayors to govern their cities. Ten years later more than two hundred black mayors held office, and by 1993 sixty-seven major urban centers, most with majority-white populations, were headed by African Americans.

Once in office, African-American mayors faced vexing challenges. In large and small cities from the Sunbelt to the Rustbelt, black mayors assumed office during economic downturns and confronted the intractable problems of decaying inner cities, white flight, a dwindling tax base, violent crime, and diminishing federal support for social programs. Many encountered hostility from their own parties, city councils, and police departments; others worked against long-established power structures dominated by local business owners or politicians. Still others, while trying to respond to multiple demands from a diverse constituency, were viewed as traitors by blacks expecting special attention from a leader of their own race. All struggled with the contradictory mandate of meeting the increasing needs of poor inner-city residents while keeping white businesses from fleeing to the suburbs.

This is the first comprehensive treatment of the complex phenomenon of African-American mayors in the nation's major urban centers. Offering a diverse portrait of leadership, conflict, and almost insurmountable obstacles, this volume assesses the political alliances that brought black mayors to office as well as their accomplishments--notably, increased minority hiring and funding for minority businesses--and the challenges that marked their careers. Mayors profiled include Carl B. Stokes (Cleveland), Richard G. Hatcher (Gary), "Dutch" Morial (New Orleans), Harold Washington (Chicago), Tom Bradley (Los Angeles), Marion Barry (Washington, D.C.), David Dinkins (New York City), Coleman Young (Detroit), and a succession of black mayors in Atlanta (Maynard Jackson, Andrew Young, and Bill Campbell). Probing the elusive economic dimension of black power, African-American Mayors demonstrates how the same circumstances that set the stage for the victories of black mayors exaggerated the obstacles they faced.

"This excellent new collection of original essays on black big-city mayors provides essential historical perspective on racial change in late twentieth-century urban politics. Deeply researched and well written, this volume represents a major step forward in recent urban political history."--Raymond A. Mohl, editor of The Making of Urban America

"Going beyond a discussion of the election of black officeholders to survey their experiences in governing, these clear, concise essays examine the factors that shaped the fortunes of black mayors trying to run their communities."--Steven F. Lawson, author of Running for Freedom: Civil Rights and Black Politics in America since 1941


David R. Colburn is the author of Southern Businessmen and Desegregation, Racial Change and Community Crisis and other books. Jeffrey S. Adler is the author of Yankee Merchants and the Making of the West.

To order online:
//www.press.uillinois.edu/books/catalog/63hgf5bs9780252072604.html

To order by phone:
(800) 621-2736 (USA/Canada)
(773) 702-7000 (International)

Related Titles

previous book next book
Pleasure in the News - Cover
Pleasure in the News

African American Readership and Sexuality in the Black Press

Kim Gallon

Ebony Magazine and Lerone Bennett Jr. - Cover
Ebony Magazine and Lerone Bennett Jr.

Popular Black History in Postwar America

E. James West

The Black Intellectual Tradition - Cover
The Black Intellectual Tradition

African American Thought in the Twentieth Century

Edited by Derrick P. Alridge, Cornelius L. Bynum, and James B. Stewart

Women, Gender, and Families of Color - Cover
Women, Gender, and Families of Color

Edited by Jennifer F. Hamer

Madam C. J. Walker’s Gospel of Giving - Cover
Madam C. J. Walker’s Gospel of Giving

Black Women’s Philanthropy during Jim Crow

Tyrone McKinley Freeman

Graphic News - Cover
Graphic News

How Sensational Images Transformed Nineteenth-Century Journalism

Amanda Frisken

Black Music Research Journal - Cover
Black Music Research Journal

Edited by Gayle Murchison

Before March Madness - Cover
Before March Madness

The Wars for the Soul of College Basketball

Kurt Edward Kemper

The Merchant Prince of Black Chicago - Cover
The Merchant Prince of Black Chicago

Anthony Overton and the Building of a Financial Empire

Robert E. Weems Jr.

Journalism and Jim Crow - Cover
Journalism and Jim Crow

White Supremacy and the Black Struggle for a New America

Edited by Kathy Roberts Forde and Sid Bedingfield