Cover for STROM: Beyond the Typewriter: Gender, Class, and the Origins of Modern American Office Work, 1900-1930. Click for larger image

Beyond the Typewriter

Gender, Class, and the Origins of Modern American Office Work, 1900-1930

Office life for women and the system it created

In the early twentieth century, office jobs allowed increasing numbers of women a new option for careers. Sharon Hartman Strom's detailed account of early office working conditions and practices draws on archival and anecdotal data to analyze women office workers' ambitions. She also explores how the influences of scientific management, personnel management, and secondary vocational education affected office workplaces and hierarchies.


"A richly textured and interesting book. . . . Enriches our understanding of the history of the labor force in general and office work in particular."--American Historical Review

"Strom shows, better than any other labor historian has, how class, age, and marital status divided women in the office."--Women's Review of Books


Sharon Hartman Strom is a professor emerita in the Department of History at the University of Rhode Island. She is the author of Fortune, Fame and Desire: Promoting the Self in the Long Nineteenth Century and Political Woman: Florence Luscomb and the Legacy of Radical Reform.

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