The History of Military Occupation


Acquiring Editor: Daniel Nasset
Series Editors: John Laband and Ian F. W. Beckett

More often than not, military defeat results in the conquering army occupying the territory of the losers for varying lengths of times, in very different ways and for diverse purposes. Sometimes military occupation is a matter of holding a frontier, like the oscillating Ottoman-Habsburg boundary across Eastern Europe, or can take the form of stationing permanent garrisons in imperial outposts such as those across the British Empire, from colonial North America to India. Or it could be to enforce a land settlement as in Norman England or Ireland, or to restructure an entire society as in the former Confederacy or Japan. Military bases and garrisons have also regularly been placed in the metropolitan state itself, whether in imperial Rome, Windsor, Potsdam or Fort Bragg, and constitute another form of military occupation.

 This series would seek to probe the complex relationship between soldiers and civilians in these varied circumstances. Any military occupation, or even the presence of a garrison on home soil, involves issues of power, law and the use of force, collaboration and resistance (political and/or armed), ideological differences, social and sexual relations, economic interactions and so on. In the broadest sense, military occupation invokes competing cultures in all these areas, and the success of an occupation can be gauged by the degree to which differences become fused in a form tolerable to both sides.

 The universality of this area of investigation lends it enormous scope. In contemporary terms, we can immediately think of military occupations in Iraq, Afghanistan, Palestine, or Lebanon. Going slightly further back, there were Soviet occupations in Hungary and Czechoslovakia, police and army control in apartheid South Africa, Rhodesia, and Algeria, the Chinese occupation of Tibet and the Nationalists' occupation of Taiwan. The Second World War provides countless instances of occupation, whether Axis or Allied, across the globe. Colonial garrisons are an enormously fertile field, for they are an aspect of any empire one can think of, whether Assyrian, Macedonian, Roman, Crusader, Mughal, Ottoman, Portuguese, French, British or American. There is not an area of the globe that has not experienced them, from the plains of the American West to the forests of Siberia, from Hadrian's Wall to the Castle in Cape Town. Home military bases in close proximity to civilians are a ubiquitous feature of any society that maintains a military arm.

 Books in the series should concentrate on the under-developed issues of military occupation and of related civil-military relations. Situated within the extensive borders of war, society and culture and combining the subfields of political, social, cultural, and economic history, the series seeks to offer contributors and readers maximum flexibility while at the same time providing a clear and demonstrable thematic unity.

 Single-authored monographs, edited collections, and translations will all be considered for inclusion in the series.

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link to catalog page, Serbia under the Swastika

Serbia under the Swastika

A World War II Occupation

Author: Alexander Prusin
Pub Date: July 2017

Acquiescence, collaboration, and resistance in WWII Serbia   learn more...

link to catalog page, The British Army of the Rhine

The British Army of the Rhine

Turning Nazi Enemies into Cold War Partners

Author: Peter Speiser
Pub Date: June 2016

How British soldiers helped sworn enemies find common ground against the Soviet threat   learn more...

link to catalog page, Last Outpost on the Zulu Frontiers

Last Outpost on the Zulu Frontiers

Fort Napier and the British Imperial Garrison

Author: Graham Dominy
Pub Date: April 2016

How a distant garrison of the British Empire shaped South Africa   learn more...

link to catalog page, Mussolini's Army in the French Riviera

Mussolini's Army in the French Riviera

Italy's Occupation of France

Author: Emanuele Sica
Pub Date: December 2015

A vivid tableau of how occupiers and the occupied clashed and collaborated during World War Two   learn more...

link to catalog page, An Imperfect Occupation

An Imperfect Occupation

Enduring the South African War

Author: John Boje
Pub Date: November 2015

Everyday life under martial law during the Anglo-Boer War   learn more...