About the BookThe iconic leader of a small but powerful union, Harry Bridges was a highly controversial figure within the twentieth century labor movement. Robert Cherny’s monumental biography of Bridges tells the life story of the person who built the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) into a labor powerhouse that now represents some 30,000 workers.
An Australian immigrant, Bridges worked on the Pacific Coast docks before rising to leadership in the International Longshoreman’s Association. His militant unionism placed him at the center of the historic 1934 Pacific Coast longshoremen’s and maritime workers’ strikes, and then spurred him to expand his union to warehouse laborers and Hawaiian sugar and pineapple workers. In 1937, he became the first president of the ILWU, a position he held for a 40-year period that saw both labor triumphs and the anti-union, anti-communist fury of the Cold War era.
Cherny tells this history while examining the overall effectiveness of Bridges as a union leader and the decisions and traits that made him effective. And, as Cherny shows, the ILWU head paid an all-too-familiar price for success. Conservatives tirelessly investigated Bridges’s activities. The United States government repeatedly prosecuted him for his communist leanings and tried to deport or imprison him. The increasingly anti-left Congress of Industrial Organizations expelled the ILWU. Yet Bridges persevered to guide the union through such controversies as the racial integration of its ranks, and mechanization and containerization on the docks. Through it all, Bridges always deflected praise by attributing the union's many accomplishments to its rank-and file-workers.
Based on personal interviews with Bridges and years of exhaustive research, Harry Bridges places an extraordinary individual and his union within the epic history of twentieth-century labor radicalism.
Reviews"Allows us to revisit a monumental twentieth-century life. Bridges the man may not be widely known, but his philosophy of inclusive, democratic unionism imbues much of today’s most ambitious organizing campaigns, from Starbucks and Amazon to the teachers’ unions in Chicago and Los Angeles." --New York Review of Books
"Cherny's text is about as complete a biography of Bridges as one will find. Politically astute and with a deep understanding of the complexities of labor organizing and union work, the text presents a portrait of a man, his politics, and his steadfast belief in the necessity and potential power of an organized working class. . . . One of the best pictures of labor unionism ever written down." --Counterpunch
"A must-read for students of 20th Century US History." --Labor History
"A detailed account of Bridges’s life and achievements, using not only the extensive government files from his various prosecutions and the ILWU’s voluminous archives but also Bridges’s own papers, a number of interviews with him, and, crucially, CPUSA files in Russian archives. It is unlikely that a more complete story of the man will ever be told." --Commentary
"A monumental achievement. More than thirty-five years in the making, it is exhaustively researched, gracefully written, and comprehensive. . . . Offers tantalizing details that may surprise even those who already know a great deal about Bridges and the ILWU. . . . It should appeal to everyone interested in Harry Bridges, the history of the ILWU, and the American labor movement in general." --ILWU Dispatcher
"A deeply researched biography. . . this book will be valuable to readers interested in labor history, maritime history, the history of American communism, and California history." --Choice
"Harry Bridges is little-known today, but he was arguably the most important left-leaning union leader in twentieth-century America. Cherny has written the most comprehensive biography of Bridges that exists--or, I imagine, ever will exist."--Peter Cole, author of Dockworker Power: Race and Activism in Durban and the San Francisco Bay Area