Journal of Finnish Studies

Editor: Tom DuBois


Current Volume: 25
Spring/Summer & Fall/Winter
ISSN: 1206-6516


Since 1997, the Journal of Finnish Studies (JFS) is an international, peer-reviewed journal for high-quality scholarly articles pertaining to Finland. JFS publishes the best and most timely articles regarding the study of Finnish and Finnish-American topics from interdisciplinary and traditional perspectives.


1 Year
1 Year
Print Only
 Print Only

Electronic Only
 Electronic Only

Print + Electronic
 Print + Electronic

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Non-U.S. Postage: Canada/Mexico, $10.00; Other Non-U.S. Locations, $15.00


The print ad rates for all our titles can be found in the 2021 journals catalog/rate card.

Click here to download the PDF version


Editor: Tom DuBois, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Book Review Editor: 
Lotta Weckström, Lecturer, University of California, Berkeley,


Börje Vähämäki, Founding Editor, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto

Raimo Anttila, Professor Emeritus, University of California, Los Angeles

Sheila Embleton, Distinguished Research Professor, York University

Aili Flint, Emerita Senior Lecturer, Associate Research Scholar, Columbia University

Tim Frandy, Assistant Professor, Western Kentucky University

Daniel Grimley, Professor, Oxford University

Daniel K. Haataja, Senior Lecturer, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

Titus Hjelm, Associate Professor, University of Helsinki

Johanna Laakso, Professor, University of Vienna

Jason Lavery, Professor, Oklahoma State University

James P. Leary, Professor Emeritus, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Andrew Nestingen, Professor, University of Washington, Seattle

Jyrki Nummi, Professor, University of Helsinki

Jussi Nuorteva, Director General, The National Archives of Finland

Juha Pentikäinen, Professor, University of Lapland

Oiva Saarinen, Professor Emeritus, Laurentian University, Sudbury

Beth L. Virtanen, Dean, Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College

Keijo Virtanen, Professor Emeritus, University of Turku

Marianne Wargelin, Independent Scholar, Minneapolis

Lotta Weckström, Lecturer, University of California, Berkeley


Journal of Finnish Studies

Submission Guidelines
The Journal of Finnish Studies (JFS) follows the Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition), author-date references conventions.

Footnotes: In-text notes are in the form of footnotes at the bottom of the page in which the note is inserted for the convenience of readers. Footnotes should be used sparingly.

Pagination: Although submissions are not required to be paginated by the author, if this is most convenient, please place page numbers in the center bottom position of each page.

Articles should be submitted electronically to the JFS online manuscript submission system. This secure, personalized resource will allow you to track your manuscript through the review and acceptance process. To begin, click here to set up your personal account and upload your submission. Your transmitted material will be reviewed as soon as possible.

Log into existing Manuscript Submission Upload account
Make a new Manuscript Submission Upload account



In-Text Citations
In-text citations are parenthetical including author’s surname, year of publication, and, if necessary, page number(s). Reference to page number(s) is required if the citation includes quoted material.

(Leary 2009)

(Leary 2009, 135–41)

(Leary 2009, 100–109)

These works are then fully cited in a reference section at the end of the paper.


In Chicago author-date format, headline-style capitalization is used for English-language publications. In the case of non-English language publications, sentence-style capitalization will be retained.

Book, Headline-Style Capitalization

Sarhimaa, Anneli. 1999. Syntactic Transfer, Contact-Induced Change, and the Evolution of Bilingual Mixed Codes. Helsinki: SKS.

Book, Sentence-Style Capitalization

Rentola, Kimmo. 1994. Kenen joukoissa seisot? Suomalainen kommunismi ja sota 1937–1945 [With whom do you stand? Finnish communism and war in 1937–1945]. Juva, Finland: WSOY.

Chapter or Article in a Book
Autio-Sarasmo, Sari. 2006. “Soviet Economic Modernisation and Transferring Technologies from the West.” In Modernisation and Russian Society in the 20th Century, edited by Markku Kangaspuro and Jeremy Smith, 104–23. Studia Fennica Historica 12. Helsinki: SKS.

Book with Multiple Authors

Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. 2007. The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf.

Book with Translated Title

Sevander, Mayme. 2006. Skitaltsy: O sud'bakh amerikanskikh finnov v Karelii [Wanderers: About the fates of American Finns in the Soviet Karelia]. Petrozavodsk: Petrozavodsk State University Press.


Academic Journals, Single Author, Headline-Style Capitalization

DuBois, Thomas A. 2004. “Writing of Women, Not Nations: The Development of a Feminist Agenda in the Novellas of Aino Kallas.” Scandinavian Studies 76: 205–32.

Academic Journals, Single Author, Sentence-Style Capitalization

Launis, Kati. 2011. “Muistoja marginaalista: Luokka-Suomen varhainen tekijä Esa Paavo- Kallio” [Notes from the margin: Esa Paavo-Kallio and the early shaping of class in Finland]. Kulttuurintutkimus 28 (2): 19–32.

Journals Consulted Online

For citations of journals consulted online, Chicago recommends the inclusion of a DOI or a URL; the DOI is preferred to a URL. Note that DOI, so capitalized when mentioned in running text, is lower-cased and followed by a colon (with no space after) in source citations:

Novak, William J. 2008. “The Myth of the ‘Weak’ American State.” American Historical Review 113: 752–72. doi:10.1086/ahr.113.3.752.


Pezzanis, Juha. 1923. “How the Wobs Did It in Aberdeen.” Industrial Worker, May 5, 4.



Niemelä, Juha. 2003. Finnish American songs [online publication]. Siirtolaisuusinstituutti Website.


Saxberg, Kelly. 2004. Letters from Karelia [documentary film]. Ottawa: National Film Board of Canada.

Conference Presentations

Anttikoski, Esa. 1996. “The problem of the Karelian literary language in the 1930s and the 1990s.” Conference paper presented at Sociolinguistic Problems in Different Regions of the World, October 22–24. Moscow.

Archival Materials

The following general formula for archival material citation is used:
Author. Date. Title or archive’s description of item. (Genre of item). Title of Archival Collection. Archival Call Number. City and State/Country: Name of Archive.

Some examples are as follows:

Similä, Kusti. 1938. “Yli kymmenen vuotta Korpiinissa oli jo asuttu” [Over ten years we have lived in Corbin already]. (Disc audio recording). Recorded September 28. Alan Lomax Collection of Michigan and Wisconsin Recordings. AFS 2393. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, American Folklife Center, Archive of Folk Culture.

Lomax, Alan. 1938. (Field Notebook). Alan Lomax Collection of Michigan and Wisconsin Recordings. AFC 1939/007. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, American Folklife Center, Archive of Folk Culture.


Authors are welcome to submit visual materials for consideration with their articles. Unless prior arrangements have been made, visual materials will be published in black-and-white (halftone), and so authors must plan for this when including such materials. Authors should submit all graphics files separately from the text. Preferred formats include JPG and PNG. Please do not embed the files in your Microsoft Word document, for example. However, indicate in the text where the visual material should approximately appear (e.g., “TABLE 1 APPROXIMATELY HERE”). All images (photographs, etc.) must be of a resolution of 300 pixels or higher. Photograph submissions must be accompanied by written permission of the copyright holder, and, if known, the photographer’s name must be mentioned. All visual materials must have text captions. Reference must be made to charts and tables in the text.


When including original text in languages other than English, please provide the original text first with the English translation to follow, as opposed to arranging each language side-by- side in two columns. In a footnote, indicate who made the translation.


When submitting a book, CD, exhibition, or other media review, available information may vary greatly. Here are some examples of preferred format:

Joyce E. Hakala. The Rowan Tree: The Lifework of Marjorie Edgar, Girl Scout Pioneer and Folklorist, with Her Finnish Folk Song Collection “Songs from Metsola.” 2007. St. Paul, MN: Pikebone Music. xviii + 345 pp., illustrations, appendices, notes, picture sources, bibliography, index.

J. Karjalainen. Lännen-Jukka: Amerikansuomalaisia Lauluja/Finnish-American Folksongs. [Compact Disc]. 2006. Tampere: Jukan Productions Oy / Poko Records Oy. 39:38 min.


•          Use American English spellings throughout: e.g., recognize (not recognise).

•          Use the so-called Oxford comma: e.g., Kuusi, Bosley, and Branch (not Kuusi, Bosley and Branch).

•          Alphabetize the list of references according to English (not Finnish) conventions. Ignore diacritic marks (e.g., umlauts) when alphabetizing: e.g., Granö comes before Granow.

•          Non-native speakers of English should have their manuscripts proofed by a native speaker before submission. The submissions with multiple deviations from good and idiomatic academic English will be returned for revision before being considered for publication.

•          There is no predetermined length requirement for article submissions. The manuscripts are typically 15–20 typed pages.

Online Access